Museums and Art

“Trinity-Sergius Lavra”, Fyodor Yakovlevich Alekseev - description of the painting

“Trinity-Sergius Lavra”, Fyodor Yakovlevich Alekseev - description of the painting



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Trinity-Sergius Lavra - Fedor Yakovlevich Alekseev. 35x50.5 cm

In 1800, F. Alekseev by that time was already a recognized landscape painter, master of the Vedut (urban landscape), academician of the Imperial Academy of Arts.

Alekseev stayed in Moscow for 1.5 years, creating during this time many canvases and watercolor studies of the city and its environs. Returning to St. Petersburg, the artist was a great success with his Moscow series. Orders for copies of paintings were made even by members of the imperial family.

A large folder with watercolor sketches of Alekseev and his students was handed over to the Hermitage after his death. Among these works was a sketch of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius. The drawing is now stored in the vaults of the State Hermitage.

Lavra has always been considered the largest stronghold of Russian Orthodoxy. This monastery, founded in the 14th century in Sergiev Posad, has a rich history. It contains the relics of St. Sergius of Radonezh and other saints. The monastery participated in the struggle against the Tatar yoke, opposed the Poles during the Time of Troubles, supported Peter I during his struggle with Princess Sophia. On the territory of the monastery is the necropolis of the Godunov family and the burial place of other important figures for Russian history.

On the sketch of Alekseev, the monastery is depicted as it was at the beginning of the 19th century before the Napoleonic invasion and the great perestroika started in the 19th century. Under a clear blue sky we see a green courtyard with rustling trees. Under the holy canopy of the monastery there is peace and silence. On the right side, the artist depicted the domes of the Assumption Cathedral and the graceful bell tower of the 18th century. In the distance you can see the white stone Holy Trinity Cathedral - the most ancient construction of the laurel. It was built in the 15th century. In front of him in the shade of the trees is visible the Church of the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles, also built in the 15th century. On the left is the refectory and the Church of St. Sergius. Multiple trails cross the green courtyard. Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius has always been revered by the rulers of Russia and simple pilgrims.


Watch the video: Saint Sergius - Part One (August 2022).